Last updated 7 December 2016. This chapter is under review.
What is a Disability?
Human Rights of People with a Disability
Direct or Indirect Discrimination against People with Disabilities
Protecting Human Rights of People with Disabilities Using Non-legal and Quasi-legal Mechanisms
Restriction of Intellectually or Cognitively Disabled People to Prevent Harm
Disability and Medical Treatment
Disability, Marriage, Family and Adoption
Disability, Contracts and Consumer Protection
Disability and the Criminal Justice System
Disability, Wills and Estates
Elections, Capacity and Assistance for Disabled Voters
While people with a disability are generally subject to the same laws as the rest of the community, some laws have particular relevance to, and consequences for, people with disabilities. Establishing the rights of people with a disability has involved a shift away from a welfare approach to a human rights perspective, which embraces the notion of people with disabilities as rights bearers.
To understand what disability means and what it means to be a ‘person with a disability’, it is useful to distinguish between impairment, disability and handicap.