Last updated 12 October 2016 This chapter is currently under review.
The Fisheries Act 1994 (Qld) (Fisheries Act) provides the state’s legislative framework for the regulation of commercial fishing, recreational fishing, indigenous fishing, coastal areas that are important as fisheries habitat and marine plants.
The Fisheries Act provides a range of mechanisms aimed at the sustainable management of fisheries including management plans, quotas, offences, licences and declarations of closed seasons, closed waters and fisheries habitat areas.
The Fisheries Regulation 2008 (Qld) provides technical and geographic detail for these mechanisms.
Management plans such as the Fisheries (East Coast Trawl) Management Plan 2010 (Qld) (Fisheries Management Plan) are subordinate legislation.
The Department of Agriculture and Fisheries and Forestry administers the Fisheries Act and provides detailed information about fisheries regulations on its website.
Commercial fishing is searching for or taking fish, shellfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, molluscs and other marine or freshwater organisms for the purpose of sale.
Commercial fishing requires a licence and is subject to special controls on fishing effort and equipment. For instance, under the Fisheries Management Plan, closed seasons are specified and trawl nets must be fitted with specified turtle-excluder devices and other by-catch reduction devices.
Detailed information on commercial fishing rules are available from the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries.
Recreational fishing is searching for or taking fish, shellfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, molluscs and other marine or freshwater organisms not for the purpose of sale or Indigenous use.
No licence is required for recreational fishing in Queensland tidal waters, but recreational fishers may have to obtain permits to fish in some dams. Recreational fishing is subject to a number of restrictions, including:
- size limits—minimum and/or maximum legal size limits apply for certain species
- bag limits—the total number of fish of a species that a person may possess at any one time
- closed seasons—no-one can take or possess some species during a closed season for the species
- closed waters and protected areas—some waters and areas are closed for conservation purposes, to protect fish stocks or fish habitat (e.g. green zones in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park are no-take zones where both commercial and recreational fishing is prohibited). Rivers and lakes may also have closed areas
- gear restrictions—restrictions on certain gear types (e.g. maximum net lengths)
- leaving skin on fish—to combat illegal fishing and to assist inspections by Boating and Fisheries officers, skin must not be removed from any fish (or fillets) on board a boat. Once fish are brought ashore, the skin may be removed, but the fish must not be taken back on board a boat
- crab meat—to combat illegal fishing, a person must not possess mud crabs or blue swimmer crabs with the carapace (shell) missing, unless for immediate consumption
- noxious fish—it is illegal to possess or keep, hatch, rear, sell, consign or place in any container any noxious fish. Tilapia, carp and gambusia are some of the declared noxious fish. They must not be used as bait, either live or dead. All noxious fish when caught should be destroyed and must not be returned to the water
- protected species—some marine species (e.g. dugongs) are fully protected and must not be taken
- protected sexes—some sexes of certain species, notably female mud crabs and sand (blue swimmer) crabs, are fully protected by law and may not be deliberately killed or kept
- miscellaneous prohibitions—there are also a range of miscellaneous activities that are illegal throughout Queensland, for instance jagging or foul-hooking fish, using explosives, poisons or electrical devices to take fish, and collecting of coral without lawful authority.